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ChapStick Skin Protection Sunscreen Moisturizer, Original SPF 12 0.15 oz (Pack of 24)

Article - ChapStick Skin Protection Sunscreen Moisturizer, Original SPF 12 0.15 oz (Pack of 24)

Superb product from category of Lips Care. The product name is ChapStick Skin Protection Sunscreen Moisturizer, Original SPF 12 0.15 oz (Pack of 24) and its a top quality believed us. Women do not complain about money when it comes to it and we would like you to become one of them. Item price is (47.76, 'USD').

  • ChapStick is the torture tested leader in lip care for serious year round protection and moisturization

Company that produce this shopping item is Chapstick. . . Lips Care created from following ingredients Active Ingredients: Octinoxate (7.5%) Oxybenzone (3.5%) White Petrolatum. Characteristics of this item is: Chap Stick Moisturizer 0.15 oz. Never let your lips go naked. Wear every day for the moisture, softness and protection your lips need to feel healthy and comfortable all day long.. Use this special offer and buy this article. Click on button Click To Order and see current price....

Category - Lips Care

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Price - 47.76 $

Brand - Chapstick

Rating - 4.5

Article ChapStick Skin Protection Sunscreen Moisturizer, Original SPF 12 0.15 oz (Pack of 24) has a rating of 4.5 based on 940 customer marks

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Best lip balm or lip salve is a wax-like substance is applied topically on the lips of the mouth to moisturize and relieve chapped or dry lips, angular cheilitis, stomatitis, or herpes. Lip Balm often contains beeswax or carnauba wax, camphor, cetyl alcohol, lanolin, paraffin and petrolatum, among other ingredients. Some varieties contain coloring agents, taste, odor, phenol, salicylic acid, and sunscreens.The primary purpose of lip balm is to provide occlusive layer on the surface of the lips to seal moisture in lips and protect them from external exposure. Dry air, cold and wind all have a drying effect on the skin produced by the moisture away from the body. Lips are particularly vulnerable because the skin is so thin, so they often present the first signs of dryness. Occlusive materials such as waxes and petroleum jelly prevent moisture loss and maintain lip comfort, while taste, dye, sunscreen, and various medicines to provide additional, specific benefits.Balm can be used when the finger used to apply to lips or lipstick-style tube from which it can be used directly.Lip balm was first marketed in 1880 by Charles Browne Fleet. Notable brandsBy Maybelline Baby LipsBurt\'s BeesBlistexCarmexVaselineEOSLabelloLip smackerLypsylTholeVaselineBy Nivea Lip Care DependenceSome doctors have suggested that some kind of lip balm addictive or contain ingredients that actually cause drying.Manufacturers Lip Balm sometimes in their FAQ that nothing addictive in their products or all components are listed and approved by the FDA.Snopes found the allegation that there are substances in Carmex that are irritants, which require installation, such as ground glass that they are wrong. Sunscreen (also commonly known as no screen, best sunscreen for face or block) is a lotion, spray, gel or other topical product that absorbs or reflects some of the solar ultraviolet (UV ) radiation on the skin exposed to the sun and also protects against sunburn. Skin-lightening products for the sunscreen to protect skin lightened because light skin is more susceptible to injury rather than darker skin. Number of sun a tanning powder to help the skin to darken or tan; However tanning powder do not provide protection against UV rays.Depending on the mode of operation may be, shades are classified into physical sunscreens (ie those which reflect sunlight) or chemical sunscreen (ie those that absorb UV light).Health organizations such as the American Cancer Society recommend using sunscreen, it helps in preventing squamous cell carcinomas. Many sunscreen does not block UVA radiation, which is not primarily caused by burns, but may increase the rate of melanoma and photodermatitis. Use broad-spectrum (UVA / UVB) sunscreen may be the case. Diligent use of sunscreen may be slow or temporarily prevent the development of wrinkles and sagging skin.Health effects AdvantagesUse Sunscreen can help prevent melanoma and squamous cell carcinoma, two types of skin cancer. There is little evidence that it is effective in preventing basal cell carcinoma.2013 study found that diligent, daily use of sunscreen slow down or temporarily prevent the development of wrinkles and sagging koe.V study included 900 white people in Australia and require some of them to use sunscreen broad spectrum every day for four years and a half. It found that there were people who did so significantly more flexible and smoother skin than those who would continue his usual practice.Reducing UV damage is especially important for children and fair-skinned individuals and those who have no sensitivity due to health reasons.Potential risks In 2008, two studies by the CDC highlighted concerns about chemicals in sunscreen Oxybenzone (benzophenone-3). The first study found the chemical in 97% of the 2,500 Americans tested, while others indicated that they were mothers with high levels of Oxybenzone in their bodies are more likely to be born too small baby girl. While controversial Oxybenzone not provide broad spectrum UV coverage, including UVB and short-wave UV-A radiation.In 2006, the Therapeutic Goods Administration of Australia carry out a review of the safety studies sunscreen and concluded: "There is evidence from isolated cell experiments that zinc oxide and titanium dioxide induce the formation of free radicals in the presence of light and that may damage these cells (photo-mutagenicity zinc oxide). However, this would be a concern for people who use sunscreen when zinc oxide and titanium dioxide penetrate into viable skin cells. The current weight of evidence, to remain on the surface of the skin and in the outer dead layer (stratum corneum) of the skin. "Concerns also arose due to a possible lack of vitamin D resulting from long-term use sunscreen. A typical use of sunscreen does not usually lead to a lack of vitamin D; However, the extensive uporaba.Za sunscreen prevents ultraviolet light reaches the skin and even moderate protection can significantly reduce the synthesis of vitamin D. However, sufficient amounts of vitamin D is produced by moderate sun exposure on the face, hands and feet, on average, 5 -30 minutes twice a week, without sunscreen. (Darker-skinned or weaker light needed several minutes of exposure, approaching 25% of the time for a minimum of burns Vitamin D overdose is impossible from UV exposure ,. Skin reaches equilibrium where vitamin degrades as fast as it is created.) History Early civilizations used a variety of plant products to protect the skin from sun damage. For example, the Greeks used olive oil for this purpose, and the ancient Egyptians used extracts of rice, jasmine and lupine plants, whose products are today still used for skin care. Zinc oxide paste has been popular for skin protection for thousands of years.Early synthetic sunscreens were first used in 1928, and the first major commercial product was brought to market in 1936 by the founder of L\'Oreal, the French chemist Eugne Schueller presented. In the same period, Hamilton Sunscreen came to the Australian market in 1932 by chemist HA Milton Blake developed.While widely used in modern sunscreens, one of the first was produced in 1944 for the US ArmyArmy Green Benjamin, aviator and later a pharmacist, because danger is not excessive it became clear that the soldiers in the Pacific tropics at the height of World War II. The product, called Red Vet Pet (for red veterinary petrolatum) was limited efficacy, acts as a natural UV blocker sevanja.To was uncomfortable red, sticky substance similar to petroleum jelly. Sales boomed when Coppertone improved and sales of the substance under the Coppertone girl and Bain de Soleil branding in early 1950thIn 1946, Swiss chemist Franz Greiter presented what could be the first effective modern sunscreen.The product, called Gletscher Crme (Glacier Cream), and subsequently became the basis for the company Piz Buin, which is still marketing of products for sun protection, those in honor of the mountain, where Greiter allegedly acquired burns that inspired his concoction. In 1974, Greiter previous calculations adapted from Friedrich Ellinger and Rudolf Schulze and introduced the "sun protection factor" (SPF), which has become a global standard for measuring the effectiveness of sunscreen. It was estimated that he had Gletscher Crme SPF secondWater-resistant sunscreens were introduced in 1977, and recent efforts to develop focused on the production of sun protection as long-lasting and broader spectrum, as well as more attractive to use. Measurements protection Sun Protection Factor and labeling SPF rating is a measure of fractions producing sunburn UV rays that reach the skin. For example, "SPF 15" means that the 1 / 15th the burning rays of the skin, on the assumption that the sunscreen was evenly applied on a thick dose of 2 milligrams per square centimeter (mg / cm2). The user can determine the effectiveness of sunscreen "by the SPF factor is multiplied by the length of time that is required for him or her to suffer burns without sunscreen."So, if a person develops burns in 10 minutes if you\'re not wearing sunscreen, the same person in the same intensity of sunlight will prevent burns for 150 minutes if you wear sunscreen with SPF 15. It is important to stress that sunscreen with a high sun protection factor does not persist or remain effective on the skin longer than lower SPF and must be constantly reapplied as directed, usually once every two hours.SPF is an imperfect measure of skin damage because invisible damage and skin aging by ultraviolet type A (UVA wavelengths of 315-400 or 320-400 nm), but mostly does not cause redness or pain also caused. Conventional blocks sunscreen very little UV-A radiation relative to the rated SPF; broad-spectrum sunscreens are intended to protect against both UVB and UVA. According to a study in 2004 UVA also causes DNA damage to cells deep in the skin, which increases the risk of malignant melanoma. Even some products labeled "broad spectrum protection UVA / UVB" are still not provide good protection against UVA rays. Titanium dioxide probably gives good protection, but does not fully cover the spectrum of UVA and early 2000s research suggests that zinc oxide better titanium dioxide in the wavelength range 340-380 nm.Due to consumer confusion over the real degree and duration of protection, which are restrictions on labeling in force in several countries.In the EU, the labeling of sunscreen only go up to SPF 50+ (originally listed as 30, but soon corrected to 50). The Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration has increased the ceiling of 50 + in 2012. In its draft rules for the years 2007 and 2011, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has proposed the highest mark SPF 50, limit unrealistic terjatev.Druge suggested limiting the active ingredientsingredients with SPF not more than 50, due to lack of evidence that higher doses provide more meaningful protection.SPF can be measured using a sunscreen for the skin volunteer and measuring how long it takes before sunburn occurs when exposed to artificial sources of light. In the US, both in vivo test with FDA requirements. This can also be measured in vitro by using specially designed spectrometer. In this case, the measured effective throughput sunscreen, along with the degradation of the product due to be exposed to sunlight. In this case, the transition between sunscreen must be measured over all wavelengths in the range of UVB-UVA sunlight (290-400 nm), together with a table of how effective various wavelengths in causing sunburn (erythemal action spectrum ) and standard intensity spectrum of sunlight (see picture). Such in vitro measurements agree very well and in vivo measurements.Several methods have been developed to assess UVA and UVB. Among the most reliable spectrophotochemical methods eliminate the subjective nature of the classification of erythema.Ultraviolet Protection Factor (UPF) is similar to that developed for the credit standings of fabrics for sun protective clothing. According to a recent test by Consumer Reports, UPF ~ 30 is typical for protective fabrics, while UPF ~ 6 is typical of the usual summer fabric.Mathematical SPF (or UPF) is calculated from the measured data as awhere the solar radiation spectrum erythemal action spectrum and monochromatic protection factor, all the functions of the wave dolino.MPF is approximately the inverse of transmittance at a given wavelength.This means that the SPF is only the inverse transmittance is in the range of UVB. If this were true, then the use of two layers of SPF 5 to sun protection equivalent to SPF 25 (5 times 5). The actual combined SPF is always lower than single-layer square SPF. Protection UVA Persistent pigment darkening (PPD) Stable pigmentation method (PPD) is a method for measuring UVA protection, which is similar to the method of measuring SPF protection sunburn. Originally developed in Japan, it is the preferred method used by manufacturers such as L\'Oral uses.Instead of erythema or redness of the skin, wherein the method uses PPD UVA cause steadily darkening or tanning of the skin. Theoretically should sunscreen with PPD estimate 10 allow a person 10 times as much UVA exposure than would be without protection. The method of PPD test in vivo as SPF. In addition, Colipa introduced a method that is claimed to be measured in vitro and ensure equality of PPD method. SPF equivalenceAs part of the revised guidelines for sunscreen products in the EU it is required to provide the consumer with a minimum level of UVA protection in relation to the SPF. This should be "UVA PF" at least 1/3 of the SPF that bear the imprint of UVA.The set of final US FDA rules effective from the summer of 2012 defines the term "broad spectrum" as providing protection UVA UVB proportional, using the standardized test methods. Star rating systemIn the UK and Ireland, Boots category system is proprietary in vitro method used to describe the ratio of UVA protection to UVB sunscreens, sprays offered. Based on an original work by Professor Brian Diffey at the University of Newcastle in Boots Company in Nottingham in the UK has developed a standard method, which was adopted by a majority of companies marketing these products in the UK. Logo and methodology of the test are licensed for a nominal fee for each manufacturer or the brand of sunscreen products sold in the retail chain Boots, provided that the products for which the logo done according to the standard, it is claimed. Own label products, which are sold exclusively to other retailers are now excluded from the terms of the license.One of the star products provide the least ratio of UVA protection; five star products are the best. The method has recently been revised in the light of the test Colipa UVA PF and the revised recommendations of the EU UVA PF.The process is still using a spectrophotometer to measure the absorption of UVA versus UVB; The difference arises from the requirement that pre-irradiation samples (where this was previously not required) to give a better indication of UVA protection and photostability when the product is used. With the current methodology, the lowest rating is three stars, the highest being five stars.In August 2007, the FDA put out for consultation a proposal to the version of the protocol used to inform users about the American product protection conferred by anti-UVA; but this was not accepted because of fear it would be too confusing. PA SystemAsian brands, especially Japanese ones, tend to use class for UVA protection system (PA) to measure UVA protection, which provides protection from the sun. PA system is based on the reaction of PPD and is now widely accepted on the labeling of sunscreen. According to the Japan Cosmetic Industry Association, PA + corresponds to the UVA protection factor of between two and four, PA ++ between four and eight, and PA +++ more than eight. SunblockSunblock usually refers to an opaque sunscreen that is effective at blocking both UVA and UVB rays and uses a powerful carrier oil to resist being washed off. Titanium dioxide and zinc oxide are two of the important ingredients of sunscreen. Unlike organic sun blockers, which are used in many sunscreen, these metal oxides are not degraded by exposure to the sun.The use of the word "sun" in the marketing of sunscreen is controversial. Since 2013, the FDA banned such use, it may lead consumers to overestimate the effectiveness of the products so labeled. Nevertheless, many consumers use words from the sun and sunscreen interchangeably.To fully protect against damage from the sun, the skin needs to be protected against UVA, UVB and IRA (infrared light). Approximately 35% of solar energy is the IRA.Active ingredients Sunscreen containing one or more of the following ingredients:The organic chemical compounds that absorb ultraviolet light.Inorganic particles that reflect, scatter, and absorb ultraviolet light (such as titanium dioxide, zinc oxide, or a combination of both) .Organski particles which mainly absorb light, such as organic chemical compounds, but containing more chromophores that can reflect and scatter a fraction of the light as inorganic particles, and behave differently in the formulations as organic chemical compounds. An example is Tinosorb M. Since the efficiency of the UV attenuating strongly dependent on particle size, material, micronized particle size below 200 nm. Method of operation of the photostable filter system is regulated to about 90%, based on the absorption and scattering of 10% to the UV light.The main ingredients of sunscreens are usually aromatic molecules conjugated with carbonyl groups.This general structure allows the molecule to absorb high-energy ultraviolet rays and release the energy as lower energy rays, thereby preventing damage to the skin of ultraviolet rays reach the skin. So, after exposure to UV light, most of the ingredients (with the notable exception of avobenzone) do not undergo substantial chemical change, so that these constituents to keep the UV-absorbing potency without significant photodegradation. The chemical stabilizer is included in some sunscreens that contain avobenzone slow its breakdown; examples include formulations containing Helioplex and AvoTriplex. The stability of avobenzone can also be improved by bemotrizinol, octocrylene and various other photostabilisers. Most of the organic compounds in the sun slowly degrade and become less effective in the course of several years, if stored properly, resulting in expiration dates calculated for the product.Sunscreening agents used in some hair-care products such as shampoos, conditioners and styling agents to protect against protein catabolism and loss barve.Trenutno benzophenone-4 and ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate are sunscreens commonly used in products for hair. Common shades used on the skin are rarely used for hair products because of its texture and severity.The following are the FDA allowable active ingredientsingredients for sun protection:Zinc oxide is not approved as a sunscreen in European regulations, but according to the European Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS), it is expected that it in the future. Other ingredients approved in the EU and other parts of the world, which were not included in the current FDA monograph:* Time and scope Application (TEA), the proposed rule authorizing the FDA initially expected in 2009, now expects 2015.Many ingredients that are awaiting approval by the FDA are relatively new, and developed to absorb UVA. Act 2014 sunbathing Innovation has been adopted to accelerate the process of FDA approval. Usage Study sunscreen since 20011 show that the best protection is achieved such that the number of the SPF in half, and the restoration, which begins many minutes after exposure to the sun. For example, if the SPF 30 sunscreen to be applied again after 15 minutes of exposure. Additional reuse is only necessary after activities such as swimming, sweating or rubbing / deletion.More recent research at the University of California, Riverside, shows that the sunscreen be applied within 2 hours in order to remain effective. Not that again it may even cause more cell damage than not using sunscreen at all, due to the release of additional free radicals from these chemicals in sunscreens, which are absorbed by the skin.Dosage The dose used in FDA testing of sunscreen is 2 mg / cm2 of exposed skin. If one assumes an "average" adult build height 5 ft 4 in (163 cm) and weight of 150 pounds (68 kg) with a 32-inch (82 cm) band that adult wearing a bathing suit covering the groin area should apply about 30 g ( or 30 ml, approximately 1 oz) evenly on the uncovered area of the body. This can be better thought of as a "golf ball" size amount of product on the body, or at least six teaspoonfuls. Larger or smaller individuals should be the scale of this quantity. If we consider only the face, this means that approximately 1/4 to 1/3 teaspoon for the average adult face.Some studies have shown that people often use only 1/2 to 4/1 of the amount recommended to achieve rated protection factor (SPF), and therefore should be effective SPF reduced to the square root or root 4. advertised value. Later studies showed significant exponential relationship between ZF and the amount of sunscreen applied, and the results are closer to the linearity than theory anticipated. Other FDA labeling regulations Sunscreen labeling standards were developed in the United States since FDA first adopted SPF calculation of 1978.FDA issued a comprehensive set of rules in June 2011, taking effect in 2012-2013 which are designed to help consumers identify and choose appropriate products for sunscreen offers protection against sunburn, premature skin aging and skin cancer:Are classified as "broad spectrum" products should be sunscreen providing protection against both UVA and UVB, with specific tests needed to oboje.Terjatve products that are "waterproof" or "sweatproof" are prohibited, while "preventing solar radiation "and" instant protection "and" protection for more than 2 hours "are all prohibited without the specific approval of the FDA."Water resistance" claims on the front label it should be noted how long it remains effective sunscreen and specify whether this also applies to swimming or sweating, based on standard testing.Sunscreen should contain standardized "Drug Facts" information on the vessel. However, there is a regulation that considers that it is necessary to mention whether the content contains nanoparticles of mineral ingredients. (The EU has tighter regulation against the use of nanoparticles, and in 2009 introduced requirements for the labeling of nanoparticle ingredients in some sunscreens and cosmetics.)The maximum SPF value on labels for sunscreen "50+". Environmental effectsSome of the shades in the water under ultraviolet light can increase the production of hydrogen peroxide which is harmful phytoplankton.Nanoparticles of titanium dioxide, a common ingredient in sunscreen, can accumulate in coastal waters and be ingested by marine animals.